Road transportation



Road transportation

During road transportation, there is a distinction between domestic and international freight transportation based on the nature of the delivery and customer requirements.

For domestic transportation, we can distinguish between long-distance, regional, and local or urban freight transportation, where the delivery distance is small (> 50 kilometers) or medium-range (> 300 kilometers), and the types of vehicles used are more variable (e.g., curtain-sided, self-loading, tilt-bed, furniture carriers) compared to those used in international traffic.

The group of vehicles involved in international traffic is more limited, mainly consisting of 24-tonne articulated vehicles (with a capacity of 90 m3), mega trailers (with a capacity of 100 m3), or tandem trailers (with a capacity of 120 m3) transporting goods between countries.

According to Directive 96/53/EC of the EU, the entire vehicle combination must not exceed a length of 16.5 meters for articulated vehicles or 18.75 meters for truck and trailer combinations, and their total weight must not exceed 40 tonnes. The maximum permissible vehicle width is 2.55 meters, and the maximum height is 4 meters; any vehicle exceeding these dimensions is considered oversized and requires special procedures (e.g., route permits, escort vehicles, etc.).

Further restrictions, implemented due to the increasing number of road accidents in the 1980s and 1990s, require vehicle drivers to account for their driving time.

Despite all the constraints, road freight transportation represents about 70% of the freight transportation market in the European Union’s 15 member states since the 1990s. (In Hungary, this proportion was only 27% for road and 57% for rail in 1980, which changed to 60% for road and 21% for rail by 2005.)

We recommend road transportation if

We do not recommend road transportation if:


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